Last Song Played
DAYTON'S CLASSIC HITS
On Air
No Program
Last Song Played
DAYTON'S CLASSIC HITS

entertainment

200 items
Results 41 - 50 of 200 < previous next >

Science Says: What makes something truly addictive

Now that the world's leading public health group says too much Minecraft can be an addiction, could overindulging in chocolate, exercise, even sex, be next?

The short answer is probably not.

The new "gaming disorder" classification from the World Health Organization revives a debate in the medical community about whether behaviors can cause the same kind of addictive illness as drugs.

The strictest definition of addiction refers to a disease resulting from changes in brain chemistry caused by compulsive use of drugs or alcohol. The definition includes excessive use that damages health, relationships, jobs and other parts of normal life. Brain research supports that definition, and some imaging studies have suggested that excessive gaming might affect the brain in similar ways.

Under a looser definition, addiction is considered "a disease of extreme behavior. Any behavior carried to extreme that consumes you and keeps you from doing what you should be doing becomes an addiction as far as life is concerned," said Dr. Walter Ling, a UCLA psychiatrist.

In its widely used manual for diagnosing mental illness, the American Psychiatric Association calls excessive video gaming a "condition" but not a formal diagnosis or disease, and says more research is needed to determine if it qualifies as an addiction.

DRUGS AND THE BRAIN

Certain drugs including opioids and alcohol can over-activate the brain's reward circuit. That's the system that under normal circumstances is activated when people engage in "behaviors conducive to survival" including eating and drinking water when thirsty, explained Dr. Andrew Saxon, chairman of the association's addiction psychiatry council. The brain chemical dopamine regulates these behaviors, but narcotic drugs can flood the brain with dopamine, encouraging repeated use and making drug use more rewarding that healthy behaviors, Saxon said. Eventually increasing amounts are needed to get the same effect, and brain changes lead to an inability to control use.

WHAT ABOUT OTHER SUBSTANCES?

Caffeine is a stimulant and also activates the brain's reward system, but to a much lesser degree than addictive drugs. The "reward" can make people feel more alert, and frequent users can develop mild withdrawal symptoms when they stop, including headaches and tiredness. Caffeine-containing chocolate may produce similar effects. Neither substance causes the kinds of life problems found in drug addiction, although some coffee drinkers develop a tolerance to caffeine and need to drink more to get the same "buzz" or sense of alertness.

The World Health Organization recognizes caffeine "dependence" as a disorder; the American Psychiatric Association does not and says more research is needed.

"The term 'addiction' is tossed around pretty commonly, like 'chocoholic' or saying you're addicted to reality TV," said Dr. Ellen Selkie, a University of Michigan physician who studies teens' use of digital technology. But addiction means an inability to control use "to the point where you're failing at life," she said.

WHAT ABOUT BEHAVIOR?

The only behavior classified as an addiction in the American Psychiatric Association's diagnostic manual is compulsive gambling. To be diagnosed, gamblers must have several symptoms including repeatedly gambling increasing amounts of money, lying to hide gambling activity, feeling irritable or restless when trying to stop, and losing jobs or relationships because of gambling. Research suggests excessive gambling can affect the brain in ways similar to addictive drugs. Since the diagnostic manual was last updated, in 2013, studies have bolstered evidence that excessive video gaming may do the same thing, and some experts speculate that it may be added to the next update.

The manual doesn't include sex addiction because there's little evidence that compulsive sexual behavior has similar effects on the brain.

Many excessive gamblers, gamers and sex "addicts" have other psychiatric conditions, including anxiety, attention deficit disorder and depression, and some mental health specialists believe their compulsive behaviors are merely symptoms of those diseases rather than separate addictions.

Excessive use of the internet and smartphones is also absent from the psychiatric manual and World Health Organization's update. Psychiatrists disagree on whether that is a true addiction — partly because overuse is hard to measure when so many people need to use their smartphones and the internet for their jobs.

DOES THE TERM MATTER?

The World Health Organization's decision to classify excessive video gaming as an addiction means "gaming disorder" will be added to this year's update to the organization's International Classification of Diseases. Doctors worldwide use that document to diagnose physical and mental illnesses. Insurers, including Medicaid and Medicare, use billing codes listed there to make coverage decisions. The American Psychiatric Association's manual is widely used for defining and diagnosing mental disorders. If conditions aren't listed in these documents, insurance coverage for treatment is unlikely.

___

Follow AP Medical Writer Lindsey Tanner on Twitter at @LindseyTanner. Her work can be found here.

___

This Associated Press series was produced in partnership with the Howard Hughes Medical Institute's Department of Science Education. The AP is solely responsible for all content.

Ariana Grande, Pete Davidson are engaged

It's true, Pete Davidson says: He and Ariana Grande are engaged.

The "Saturday Night Live" cast member confirmed their rumored engagement to Jimmy Fallon on NBC's "Tonight Show."

Fallon put Davidson on the spot Wednesday, telling him he didn't have to get engaged to the pop star to come on the talk show.

Replied Davidson: "But I did, though."

When Fallon congratulated him and shook his hand, Davidson said he felt like he'd won a contest.

He's getting nods of approval on the street from other men, the comedian said, with one telling him, "Whoa, man, you gave me hope."

Robert Pattinson also was on the show, smiling as the host and Davidson bantered.

Grande and Davidson reportedly began dating in May after Grande's breakup with Mac Miller. Davidson and girlfriend Cazzie David also split around the same time.

NBC released a pre-air clip of the "Tonight Show" exchange between Davidson and Fallon.

Another big week of sales for Bill Clinton's first novel

For the second straight week, a thriller co-written by former President Bill Clinton is NPD BookScan's top seller.

"The President is Missing," co-written by James Patterson, tells of a president trying to prevent a devastating cyberattack. BookScan announced Wednesday that it sold 121,300 copies last week, just a slight drop from its opening week of 152,000. BookScan tracks around 85 percent of the print market. Published June 4, "The President is Missing" is Clinton's first novel. It has now sold more than 350,000 combined print, e-book and audio copies despite mixed reviews and some awkward interviews as Clinton responded to questions about the #MeToo movement.

Last week's second most popular book, with 66,400 sales, was Anthony Bourdain's "Kitchen Confidential." Bourdain was found dead June 8 of an apparent suicide.

Son of Sean Penn, Robin Wright settles Nebraska drug case

The son of actors Sean Penn and Robin Wright has pleaded no contest to a misdemeanor in his Nebraska drug case.

Twenty-four-year-old Hopper Penn and his girlfriend, 26-year-old Uma Von Wittkamp, were arrested during a traffic stop on April 4 on Interstate 80 in southeastern Nebraska.

The Nebraska State Patrol says a search of their vehicle turned up 14 grams of marijuana, four amphetamine pills and 3 grams of psychedelic mushrooms.

Both were initially charged with felony drug possession. Court records show they later pleaded no contest to the misdemeanor charge of attempt of a felony. Each was ordered to pay $1,000.

A no-contest plea allows a defendant to not admit guilt but acknowledge that there's enough evidence for a conviction.

Peter Fonda apologizes for 'vulgar' Barron Trump tweet

Peter Fonda apologized Wednesday for a late-night Twitter rant in which he suggested 12-year-old Barron Trump should be ripped from "his mother's arms and put in a cage with pedophiles."

The all-capitals tweet in the wee hours went on to call President Donald Trump an expletive. The actor later deleted the tweet and drew sharp rebukes from first lady Melania Trump and Donald Trump Jr.

The two-time Oscar nominee, brother of Jane Fonda and son of Hollywood legend Henry Fonda said in a statement hours later that he was upset over children separated from their parents on the U.S.-Mexico border.

"I tweeted something highly inappropriate and vulgar about the president and his family in response to the devastating images I was seeing on television," Fonda said in the statement, released by both his manager and his publicist. "Like many Americans, I am very impassioned and distraught over the situation with children separated from their families at the border, but I went way too far. It was wrong and I should not have done it. I immediately regretted it and sincerely apologize to the family for what I said and any hurt my words have caused."

In another tweet, Fonda suggested people opposed to the border policy should track down the addresses of federal agents and "surround their homes in protest," adding: "We should find out what schools their children go to and surround the schools in protest."

Stephanie Grisham, the first lady's spokeswoman, said via email regarding the Barron remarks: "The tweet is sick and irresponsible." She said the U.S. Secret Service was notified. A spokesman for the agency said via email the Secret Service is aware of Fonda's tweets but "as a matter of practice" would have no additional comment.

Donald Trump Jr., meanwhile, did some tweeting of his own, addressing Fonda: "You're clearly a sick individual" who behaved "like a bully and a coward."

Trump Jr. called on Sony Pictures Classics to stop the release of its film "Boundaries," in which Fonda has a small role. The company condemned Fonda's tweets as "abhorrent" but said the film would be released as planned.

___

Darlene Superville in Washington contributed to this report.

After 4,000 episodes, a halt for Jerry Springer's show

Somehow it doesn't seem right for Jerry Springer to exit quietly.

There should be one last thrown chair or a bleep-filled tirade, at the very least. Instead, it was announced with no fanfare this week that he will stop making new episodes of his memorably raucous talk show, and neither Springer nor his bosses will talk about it.

"The Jerry Springer Show" won't fully disappear; NBC Universal said this week that the CW and other networks that have bought the show in syndication will air reruns of the slugfest. Producers said "there is a possibility" that more original episodes could be ordered sometime in the future but, since they wouldn't answer questions, it's not known how serious that possibility is.

At its heyday in the 1990s, Springer's show challenged Oprah Winfrey for daytime television supremacy with TV studios filled with seething spurned lovers, gender fluid guests before that was a term and pretty much anyone who was spoiling for a fight. It even provoked serious end-of-civilization-as-we-know-it talk.

Springer, a former Cincinnati mayor who realized he had to do something to distinguish himself in a competitive market, was the low-key ringmaster who didn't take himself too seriously and let you know he was in on the joke.

During an interview with The Associated Press at his show's 25th anniversary three years ago, Springer said that anyone could do his job if they learned three phrases: "You did what?" ''Come on out!" and "We'll be right back." He presided over 4,000 episodes.

Some of his shows last month illustrated that the formula hadn't changed much: "Stripper Sex Turned Me Straight," ''Stop Pimpin' My Twin Sister," ''My Bestie is Stalkin' You," ''Hooking Up With My Therapist" and "Babes with Baguettes."

After more than 4,000 episodes, it's hard for things to register on the outrage meter. Between reality television and the verbal slugfests of cable television news, there are plenty of places viewers can turn for experiences that fill the role that Springer once did.

"He was lapped not only by other programs but by real life," said David Bianculli, a television historian and professor at Monmouth University.

At this point, asking to talk about Springer's legacy is a little like commenting on an obituary for someone you forgot was alive, he said. Only very dedicated viewers may be able to tell next fall that they're not watching an original episode.

"There was a time that Jerry Springer was running at a minimum of two times a day," said Bill Carroll, a veteran analyst of the syndication market. "Realistically, I don't think the audience is able to look at the show and say, 'that's one from this year, or two years ago or four years ago.' It has become so homogenous."

Jimmy Fallon reveals personal pain following Trump fallout

Jimmy Fallon is opening up about the personal anguish he felt following the backlash to his now-infamous hair mussing appearance with Donald Trump.

The host of "The Tonight Show" tells The Hollywood Reporter he "made a mistake" and apologized "if I made anyone mad." He adds that he "would do it differently" looking back on the Sept. 15, 2016 episode.

Trump opponents criticized Fallon for a cringeworthy interview only weeks before the election where Fallon playfully stroked Trump's hair. Fallon's show eventually lost more than one-fifth of its audience and its late-night crown to Stephen Colbert's new and more political "The Late Show" for CBS.

Fallon said in a Hollywood Reporter podcast that he wasn't approving of Trump or his beliefs just because he joked with him: "I did not do it to 'normalize' him or to say I believe in his political beliefs or any of that stuff."

The talk show host has discussed the episode before, explaining in a 2017 interview with Vanity Fair that he was just "trying to have fun" with Trump, but revealed that he was "devastated" to learn that people had a negative reaction. He also told The New York Times: "If I let anyone down, it hurt my feelings that they didn't like it. I got it."

But in the podcast, Fallon reveals the backstage fallout to the criticism that he had been too soft on Trump. "It's tough for morale," he said. "You go, 'Alright, we get it. I heard you. You made me feel bad. So now what? Are you happy? I'm depressed. Do you want to push me more? What do you want me to do? You want me to kill myself? What would make you happy? Get over it.'"

He said he works hard and is one of the "good people," but faced a "gang-mentality" online. "People just jump on the train, and some people don't even want to hear anything else. They're like, 'No, you did that!' You go, 'Well, just calm down and just look at the whole thing and actually see my body of work.'"

Kate Spade funeral to be held in her hometown of Kansas City on Thursday

The funeral for fashion designer Kate Spade will be held in her hometown of Kansas City, Missouri.

The Kansas City Star reported that a funeral Mass will be held at 3 p.m. Thursday at Our Lady of Perpetual Help Redemptorist Church.

>> Read more trending news 

According to Spade’s father, Frank Brosnahan, the funeral will be in the same church where her grandparents were married.

Spade, who co-founded the fashion brand Kate Spade New York with her husband, Andy Spade, died by suicide at age 55 in New York. 

People reported that Spade’s family has asked for donations be made to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals or Wayside Waifs, a no-kill animal shelter in Kansas City, in lieu of flowers.

Barbershop Harmony Society to integrate women after 80 years

After 80 years of being a male-only organization, the Barbershop Harmony Society has announced that women will be allowed to join the a capella singing organization.

The organization, which is based in Nashville, Tennessee, said in a statement Wednesday on its website that membership to the society is open to everyone, effective immediately.

But the statement also says that its local chapters will get to decide how to, or whether to integrate their chapters, such as keeping male-only groups, or having female-only groups or mixed groups. Chapters can start accepting women in January 2019.

In 2009, women were allowed to participate in the organization as associates, but couldn't join chapters or quartets.

CEO Skipp Kropp said in a statement Wednesday that preserving male singing groups and welcoming women into the organization were "compatible ideas."

"Everyone means EVERYONE — people of every age, of every background, every gender identity, every race, every sexual orientation, every political opinion or spiritual belief," Kropp's statement said. "Every person who loves to harmonize has a place in our family."

The singing style has evolved over the years, gaining more recognition in recent due to due to the "Pitch Perfect" films and the new-found popularity of school glee clubs, who have adapted current music to the singing style. They have convention and international competitions with singers coming from all over the world.

__

Online:

http://www.barbershop.org/everyoneinharmony/

Anthony Bourdain to be honored with ‘food trail’ in home state of New Jersey

New Jersey is honoring native son and award-winning celebrity chef Anthony Bourdain with a “food trail” of his favorite New Jersey restaurants.

>> Read more trending news 

Although the popular writer, storyteller and host of CNN’s Emmy-winning “Parts Unknown” was born in New York, according to his biography, Bourdain grew up in Leonia, New Jersey, and spent his summers at the Jersey shore.

Bourdain, 61, was found dead almost two weeks ago in his luxury hotel room in Kaysersberg, France, while working on an episode of “Parts Unknown.” The medical examiner ruled his death a suicide.

Fans around the world were grief-stricken with news of his death, including those in New Jersey. 

Camden Assemblyman Paul Moriarty wanted to find a way to honor the renowned globetrotter and proposed an official Anthony Bourdain Food Trail that would include the 10 restaurants he visited during a 2015 episode of “Parts Unknown,” according to the Philadelphia Inquirer.

>> Related: Celebrity chef Anthony Bourdain cremated in France, remains returning to U.S.

The proposed trail, which the state’s Division of Travel and Tourism would need to establish, would include “Kubel’s in Barnegat Light, Hiram’s Roadstand in Fort Lee, Knife & Fork, Dock’s Oyster House, Tony’s Baltimore Grill, and James’ Salt Water Taffy in Atlantic City, Tony and Ruth Steaks and Donkey’s Place in Camden, Lucille’s Country Cooking in Barnegat, and Frank’s Deli in Asbury Park,” the Inquirer reported.

Moriarty called Bourdain a New Jersey food icon and said the state should create a food trail as a way to honor him.

“There’s no question that Anthony’s road to fame was not an easy one,” Moriarty said in a statement, according to the newspaper

“Even after international fame, he never forgot his Jersey roots. Each episode, Bourdain brought his homegrown wit, charm, and sense of humanity to his viewers,” he said.

>> Related: Chef, author, TV star Anthony Bourdain dead at 61

Bourdain rose to fame in the late 1990s with an article that became a bestselling, tell-all book called “Kitchen Confidential: Adventures in the Culinary Underbelly,” which was as much a memoir as a gritty, unfiltered description of life in New York restaurant kitchens.

200 items
Results 41 - 50 of 200 < previous next >